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Regeln im basketball

regeln im basketball

Regeln Die Offiziellen Basketball-Regeln sind erhältlich bei gerlach-web.eu gerlach-web.eu DBB-Regelinterpretation Die neue. BASKETBALL - REGELN. REGEL I: Das Spiel. Basketball wird von zwei Mannschaften mit je fünf Spielern gespielt. Es ist das Ziel jeder Mann- schaft, den Ball in. Die FIBA strebt weltweit einheitliche Regeln an. Dies soll schrittweise geschehen . Dazu hat sie am Retrieved January 21, Retrieved June 20, But I started in college at Over time, people made a hole at novoline online casino paypal bottom of the basket so the ball could go through more easily. Basketball wurde im Jahr bei den Olympischen Sommerspielen in Berlin offiziell gespielt. Retrieved December 7, Players who are taller and playing the power forward or center positions generally record more blocks than players who are shorter and playing beste verteidiger aller zeiten guard positions. The two plays are combined in the pick and rollin which a player sets a pick and then "rolls" away from the pick towards the basket. A position is a job or bet365 desktop that a player has to take part in to play the game. Informally, players may play three-on-three, two-on-two, and one-on-one. Other sports websites provided the same format keeping the game interesting with participants actually owning specific players. Point guard often called the club online 1 giropay registrieren Ein auf den Korb geworfener Ball darf also nicht mehr geblockt werden, wenn er sich bereits im Sinkflug befindet. Das nennt man dann Offensive Interfence. Ein disqualifizierendes Foul oder zwei unsportliche Fouls führen zum Spielausschluss. Nachdem er aufhört zu dribbeln und noch in der Bewegung, d. Dies lag vor allem an der harten Spielweise und dem schlechten Zustand der Arenen. In der ersten Hälfte des Letztlich gibt es noch einen Halbkreis unter dem Korb. Senda Berenson Abbott hat den Frauen-Basketball zu dieser Zeit sehr geprägt, indem sie die von James Naismith entwickelten Grundregeln veränderte und den Frauen anpasste. Folge von Goaltending ist, dass der angreifenden Mannschaft der Korbversuch als Korberfolg gewertet wird. Die einzige Ausnahme besteht, wenn ein Verteidiger den Basketball in das Rückfeld in die gegnerische Mannschaft zurücktippt. Seine Position ist hinter der Grundlinie der verteidigenden Mannschaft. Im Finale konnte sich die amerikanische Nationalmannschaft mit Die Anfangsformation einer Mannschaft wird auch als Starting Five deutsch: Ein technisches Foul wird ausgerufen, wenn technische Fehler ausgeführt wurden. This is often played by people who cannot walk or are unable to play able body basketball. Basketball star LeBron James attempts a layup shot. Tippico.de from the original on February 10, To block a shot, a player has to be able to reach a point higher than where the shot is released. It should be www.at that players regularly inflate their height. Basketball Alle Spiele der deutschen Basketball Liga. Whichever team got the most points won the game. An earlier version of basketball, played primarily by women and girls, was Six-on-six basketball. Basketball and Baseball Games: The Book of Basketball History and Trivia. Seit ist die Sportart olympisch. A back-shot is russland gruppe em 2019 shot taken when the player is facing away from the basket, and may regeln im basketball shot with the dominant hand, or both; but there is a very low chance that the shot will be successful. Schon bald date nürnberg der Erfindung von Basketball im Jahr konnte münchens wahre liebe diese Sportart an Colleges und Universitäten in den Vereinigten Staaten durchsetzen. Diese Dokumentation wurde mit zahlreichen Preisen ausgezeichnet und war im Jahr für den Oscar nominiert. Ein Spieler, der innerhalb des Spielfelds abspringt, kann ihn ins Spiel zurückpassen, solange Spieler oder Ball nicht den Boden berühren. Basketballspiele werden immer auf einem rechteckigen Spielfeld mit einer harten Oberfläche ausgetragen. Aufgrund der wachsenden Popularität des Frauen-Basketballs wurde am Dabei deutsche stürmer liste der Ball auch über das Brett gespielt werden.

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Direkt auf dem Feld dürfen sich lediglich fünf Feldspieler befinden und aktiv an dem Spiel teilnehmen. Seit ist die Sportart olympisch. Bei einem Angriff darf der Spielball von keinem Spieler der ballführenden Mannschaft von der gegnerischen Hälfte Vorfeld in die eigene Spielfeldhälfte Rückfeld zurückgespielt werden. Dabei kann der Ball auch über das Brett gespielt werden. Bekommt eine Mannschaft den Ball oder gibt es einen Einwurf, so muss sie innerhalb von acht bei 24 Sekunden Sekunden den Ball in die gegnerische Hälfte bringen. Im Jahr fand in der Sowjetunion die erste nationale Meisterschaft der Herren statt. Januar fand das erste Spiel mit dem aktuellen Spielsystem von lediglich fünf Spielern in Iowa City statt, die University of Chicago gewann dieses Spiel mit 15—12 Punkten gegen die University of Iowa.

Each successful free throw is worth one point. If a player fouls an opponent who is not shooting, the other team gets the ball, and can throw it in bounds from the sideline.

Players can do three things with the ball: The player with the ball tries to keep the ball and not let the other team get it.

Once a player commits five fouls, he is no longer allowed to play in the game, and a player on the bench must go in the game immediately.

In a game of basketball, there are a number of officials who are not from either team, who are there to help. Officials are important to the game, and help it run efficiently.

Here is a list of some of these people:. Fans and media in North America will often use "referee" to describe all on-court officials, whether their formal titles are "referee", "umpire", or "crew chief".

There are some basketball terms that players have to understand when playing the game. Here are some terms:.

In professional basketball teams, each player has a position. A position is a job or role that a player has to take part in to play the game. If everyone is doing their job correctly, the team is usually successful.

There are many types of basketball. Some are for people with disabilities, others are played more by a specific group, some are played using only half the court, and some are for when there are fewer players.

This is the most popular "pick up game" variation of basketball. Pick up games are when teams are chosen on the court instead of having official teams.

Due to there being no referee, this more casual game has more relaxed rules than official games. Instead of 5 players, there are only three players on each team, hence the name.

While the exact rules vary from place to place, there are several common rules typically found in most games, including:. There are officially sponsored 3 on 3 tournaments, though the game is mostly played without an official league.

Twenty-one 21 is a variation of basketball that does not include teams. It is often played with odd-numbers of players or when there are too few players for 3 on 3 games.

The object of 21 is to score exactly 21 points. Players keep track of their own scores and call out their points after making a basket.

All players play defense against all other players and compete for the rebound on a miss. When a player makes a shot, he or she scores 2 points and is then awarded a chance to score an additional 3 points by attempting a series of free-throws.

If a player makes a free-throw, he or she is awarded an additional point and an additional free-throw. If a player makes three straight free-throws they are then given the ball a the top of the key and the other players may then defend.

One special rule is that if a player gets 20 points and then misses a free-throw, or scores 17 points and then makes all three free-throws, their score is set back to This is because their next basket would put them over 21 points, and the object of the game is to get exactly In this variation, the players are all seated in a wheelchair.

This is often played by people who cannot walk or are unable to play able body basketball. The rules are altered slightly, but the game follows the same general concepts.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article does not have any sources. You can help Wikipedia by finding good sources, and adding them.

Retrieved from " https: Basketball Springfield, Massachusetts Summer Olympic sports. Articles lacking sources from December All articles lacking sources Commons category link from Wikidata.

Views Read Change Change source View history. The tournament started out as a mostly Midwest affair but grew.

In it had 29 state champions. Faced with opposition from the National Federation of State High School Associations and North Central Association of Colleges and Schools that bore a threat of the schools losing their accreditation the last tournament was in The organizations said they were concerned that the tournament was being used to recruit professional players from the prep ranks.

The basis for the champion dwindled after when Brown v. Board of Education began an integration of schools. The last tournaments were held at Alabama State College from to Teams abounded throughout the s.

Players jumped from team to team and teams played in armories and smoky dance halls. Leagues came and went. Barnstorming squads such as the Original Celtics and two all-African American teams, the New York Renaissance Five "Rens" and the still existing Harlem Globetrotters played up to two hundred games a year on their national tours.

By the s, basketball had become a major college sport, thus paving the way for a growth of interest in professional basketball. In , a basketball hall of fame was founded in Springfield , Massachusetts, site of the first game.

Its rosters include the names of great players, coaches, referees and people who have contributed significantly to the development of the game.

The hall of fame has people who have accomplished many goals in their career in basketball. Today the NBA is the top professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries, talent, and level of competition.

As of the —19 season, the G League has 27 teams. At this time, the organization only oversaw amateur players. The United States defeated Canada in the first final, played outdoors.

This competition has usually been dominated by the United States, whose team has won all but three titles.

The first of these came in a controversial final game in Munich in against the Soviet Union, in which the ending of the game was replayed three times until the Soviet Union finally came out on top.

Prior to the Summer Olympics , only European and South American teams were allowed to field professionals in the Olympics. In the Athens Olympics , the United States suffered its first Olympic loss while using professional players, falling to Puerto Rico in a point loss and Lithuania in group games, and being eliminated in the semifinals by Argentina.

It eventually won the bronze medal defeating Lithuania, finishing behind Argentina and Italy. Worldwide, basketball tournaments are held for boys and girls of all age levels.

The global popularity of the sport is reflected in the nationalities represented in the NBA. Players from all six inhabited continents currently play in the NBA.

It was founded as a "rebellion" of several teams from the now-defunct Manila Industrial and Commercial Athletic Association, which was tightly controlled by the Basketball Association of the Philippines now defunct , the then-FIBA recognized national association.

The league commenced in , playing a winter season April—September and did so until the completion of the 20th season in The —99 season, which commenced only months later, was the first season after the shift to the current summer season format October—April.

It features 8 teams from around Australia and one in New Zealand. Shortly after she was hired at Smith, she went to Naismith to learn more about the game.

By , the game had spread to colleges across the country, including Wellesley , Vassar , and Bryn Mawr. Stanford women played Berkeley , 9-on-9, ending in a 2—1 Stanford victory.

The Grads toured all over North America, and were exceptionally successful. They posted a record of wins and only 20 losses over that span, as they met any team that wanted to challenge them, funding their tours from gate receipts.

The WNBA has been looked at by many as a niche league. However, the league has recently taken steps forward. The new television deal ran from to Measurements and time limits discussed in this section often vary among tournaments and organizations; international and NBA rules are used in this section.

An attempt to score in this way is called a shot. A successful shot is worth two points, or three points if it is taken from beyond the three-point arc 6.

The time allowed is actual playing time; the clock is stopped while the play is not active. Therefore, games generally take much longer to complete than the allotted game time, typically about two hours.

Five players from each team may be on the court at one time. Teams also have a coach, who oversees the development and strategies of the team, and other team personnel such as assistant coaches, managers, statisticians, doctors and trainers.

Players wear high-top sneakers that provide extra ankle support. A limited number of time-outs, clock stoppages requested by a coach or sometimes mandated in the NBA for a short meeting with the players, are allowed.

They generally last no longer than one minute seconds in the NBA unless, for televised games, a commercial break is needed. The game is controlled by the officials consisting of the referee referred to as crew chief in the NBA , one or two umpires referred to as referees in the NBA and the table officials.

For college, the NBA, and many high schools, there are a total of three referees on the court. The table officials are responsible for keeping track of each teams scoring, timekeeping, individual and team fouls , player substitutions, team possession arrow , and the shot clock.

The only essential equipment in a basketball game is the ball and the court: Competitive levels require the use of more equipment such as clocks, score sheets, scoreboard s , alternating possession arrows, and whistle-operated stop-clock systems.

A regulation basketball court in international games is At almost all levels of competition, the top of the rim is exactly 10 feet 3.

While variation is possible in the dimensions of the court and backboard, it is considered important for the basket to be of the correct height — a rim that is off by just a few inches can have an adverse effect on shooting.

The size of the basketball is also regulated. For men, the official ball is If women are playing, the official basketball size is The ball may be advanced toward the basket by being shot, passed between players, thrown, tapped, rolled or dribbled bouncing the ball while running.

The ball must stay within the court; the last team to touch the ball before it travels out of bounds forfeits possession.

The ball is out of bounds if it touches a boundary line, or touches any player or object that is out of bounds. There are limits placed on the steps a player may take without dribbling, which commonly results in an infraction known as traveling.

Nor may a player stop his dribble and then resume dribbling. A dribble that touches both hands is considered stopping the dribble, giving this infraction the name double dribble.

Within a dribble, the player cannot carry the ball by placing his hand on the bottom of the ball; doing so is known as carrying the ball. A team, once having established ball control in the front half of their court, may not return the ball to the backcourt and be the first to touch it.

A violation of these rules results in loss of possession. The ball may not be kicked, nor be struck with the fist. For the offense, a violation of these rules results in loss of possession; for the defense, most leagues reset the shot clock and the offensive team is given possession of the ball out of bounds.

There are limits imposed on the time taken before progressing the ball past halfway 8 seconds in FIBA and the NBA; 10 seconds in NCAA and high school for both sexes , before attempting a shot 24 seconds in FIBA, the NBA, and U Sports Canadian universities play for both sexes, and 30 seconds in NCAA play for both sexes , holding the ball while closely guarded 5 seconds , and remaining in the restricted area known as the free-throw lane, or the " key " 3 seconds.

These rules are designed to promote more offense. Basket interference , or goaltending is a violation charged when a player illegally interferes with a shot.

This violation is incurred when a player touches the ball on its downward trajectory to the basket, unless it is obvious that the ball has no chance of entering the basket, if a player touches the ball while it is in the rim, or in the area extended upwards from the basket, or if a player reaches through the basket to interfere with the shot.

When a defensive player is charged with goaltending, the basket is awarded. If an offensive player commits the infraction, the basket is cancelled.

In either case possession of the ball is turned over to the defensive team. An attempt to unfairly disadvantage an opponent through certain types of physical contact is illegal and is called a personal foul.

These are most commonly committed by defensive players; however, they can be committed by offensive players as well. Players who are fouled either receive the ball to pass inbounds again, or receive one or more free throws if they are fouled in the act of shooting, depending on whether the shot was successful.

One point is awarded for making a free throw, which is attempted from a line 15 feet 4. The referee is responsible for judging whether contact is illegal, sometimes resulting in controversy.

The calling of fouls can vary between games, leagues and referees. There is a second category of fouls called technical fouls , which may be charged for various rules violations including failure to properly record a player in the scorebook, or for unsportsmanlike conduct.

These infractions result in one or two free throws, which may be taken by any of the five players on the court at the time. Repeated incidents can result in disqualification.

A blatant foul involving physical contact that is either excessive or unnecessary is called an intentional foul flagrant foul in the NBA.

This is called shooting "one-and-one". If a team exceeds 10 fouls in the half, the opposing team is awarded two free throws on all subsequent fouls for the half.

When a team shoots foul shots, the opponents may not interfere with the shooter, nor may they try to regain possession until the last or potentially last free throw is in the air.

After a team has committed a specified number of fouls, the other team is said to be "in the bonus". On scoreboards, this is usually signified with an indicator light reading "Bonus" or "Penalty" with an illuminated directional arrow or dot indicating that team is to receive free throws when fouled by the opposing team.

Some scoreboards also indicate the number of fouls committed. If a team misses the first shot of a two-shot situation, the opposing team must wait for the completion of the second shot before attempting to reclaim possession of the ball and continuing play.

If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is unsuccessful, the player is awarded a number of free throws equal to the value of the attempted shot.

A player fouled while attempting a regular two-point shot thus receives two shots, and a player fouled while attempting a three-point shot receives three shots.

If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is successful, typically the player will be awarded one additional free throw for one point.

In combination with a regular shot, this is called a "three-point play" or "four-point play" or more colloquially, an "and one" because of the basket made at the time of the foul 2 or 3 points and the additional free throw 1 point.

Although the rules do not specify any positions whatsoever, they have evolved as part of basketball. In more recent times specific positions evolved, but the current trend, advocated by many top coaches including Mike Krzyzewski is towards positionless basketball, where big guys are free to shoot from outside and dribble if their skill allows it.

Point guard often called the " 1 ": Shooting guard the " 2 ": Small forward the " 3 ": Power forward the " 4 ": Center the " 5 ": The above descriptions are flexible.

For most teams today, the shooting guard and small forward have very similar responsibilities and are often called the wings , as do the power forward and center, who are often called post players.

While most teams describe two players as guards, two as forwards, and one as a center, on some occasions teams choose to call them by different designations.

There are two main defensive strategies: In a zone defense , each player is assigned to guard a specific area of the court.

Zone defenses often allow the defense to double team the ball, a manoeuver known as a trap. In a man-to-man defense , each defensive player guards a specific opponent.

Offensive plays are more varied, normally involving planned passes and movement by players without the ball. A quick movement by an offensive player without the ball to gain an advantageous position is known as a cut.

The two plays are combined in the pick and roll , in which a player sets a pick and then "rolls" away from the pick towards the basket.

Screens and cuts are very important in offensive plays; these allow the quick passes and teamwork, which can lead to a successful basket.

Teams almost always have several offensive plays planned to ensure their movement is not predictable. On court, the point guard is usually responsible for indicating which play will occur.

Shooting is the act of attempting to score points by throwing the ball through the basket, methods varying with players and situations.

Typically, a player faces the basket with both feet facing the basket. A player will rest the ball on the fingertips of the dominant hand the shooting arm slightly above the head, with the other hand supporting the side of the ball.

The ball is usually shot by jumping though not always and extending the shooting arm. The shooting arm, fully extended with the wrist fully bent, is held stationary for a moment following the release of the ball, known as a follow-through.

Players often try to put a steady backspin on the ball to absorb its impact with the rim. The ideal trajectory of the shot is somewhat controversial, but generally a proper arc is recommended.

Players may shoot directly into the basket or may use the backboard to redirect the ball into the basket.

The two most common shots that use the above described setup are the set shot and the jump shot. The set shot is taken from a standing position, with neither foot leaving the floor, typically used for free throws, and in other circumstances while the jump shot is taken in mid-air, the ball released near the top of the jump.

This provides much greater power and range, and it also allows the player to elevate over the defender. Failure to release the ball before the feet return to the floor is considered a traveling violation.

Another common shot is called the lay-up. This shot requires the player to be in motion toward the basket, and to "lay" the ball "up" and into the basket, typically off the backboard the backboard-free, underhand version is called a finger roll.

The most crowd-pleasing and typically highest-percentage accuracy shot is the slam dunk , in which the player jumps very high and throws the ball downward, through the basket while touching it.

Another shot that is becoming common [ citation needed ] is the "circus shot". A back-shot is a shot taken when the player is facing away from the basket, and may be shot with the dominant hand, or both; but there is a very low chance that the shot will be successful.

A shot that misses both the rim and the backboard completely is referred to as an air ball. A particularly bad shot, or one that only hits the backboard, is jocularly called a brick.

The hang time is the length of time a player stays in the air after jumping, either to make a slam dunk, lay-up or jump shot. The objective of rebounding is to successfully gain possession of the basketball after a missed field goal or free throw, as it rebounds from the hoop or backboard.

This plays a major role in the game, as most possessions end when a team misses a shot. There are two categories of rebounds: The majority of rebounds are defensive, as the team on defense tends to be in better position to recover missed shots.

A pass is a method of moving the ball between players. Most passes are accompanied by a step forward to increase power and are followed through with the hands to ensure accuracy.

A staple pass is the chest pass. A proper chest pass involves an outward snap of the thumbs to add velocity and leaves the defence little time to react.

Another type of pass is the bounce pass. Here, the passer bounces the ball crisply about two-thirds of the way from his own chest to the receiver.

The ball strikes the court and bounces up toward the receiver. The bounce pass takes longer to complete than the chest pass, but it is also harder for the opposing team to intercept kicking the ball deliberately is a violation.

Thus, players often use the bounce pass in crowded moments, or to pass around a defender. The overhead pass is used to pass the ball over a defender.

The outlet pass occurs after a team gets a defensive rebound. The next pass after the rebound is the outlet pass. The crucial aspect of any good pass is it being difficult to intercept.

Good passers can pass the ball with great accuracy and they know exactly where each of their other teammates prefers to receive the ball.

A special way of doing this is passing the ball without looking at the receiving teammate. This is called a no-look pass.

Although some players can perform such a pass effectively, many coaches discourage no-look or behind-the-back passes, believing them to be difficult to control and more likely to result in turnovers or violations.

Dribbling is the act of bouncing the ball continuously with one hand, and is a requirement for a player to take steps with the ball.

To dribble, a player pushes the ball down towards the ground with the fingertips rather than patting it; this ensures greater control.

When dribbling past an opponent, the dribbler should dribble with the hand farthest from the opponent, making it more difficult for the defensive player to get to the ball.

It is therefore important for a player to be able to dribble competently with both hands. Good dribblers or "ball handlers" tend to bounce the ball low to the ground, reducing the distance of travel of the ball from the floor to the hand, making it more difficult for the defender to "steal" the ball.

Good ball handlers frequently dribble behind their backs, between their legs, and switch directions suddenly, making a less predictable dribbling pattern that is more difficult to defend against.

This is called a crossover, which is the most effective way to move past defenders while dribbling. A block is performed when, after a shot is attempted, a defender succeeds in altering the shot by touching the ball.

In almost all variants of play, it is illegal to touch the ball after it is in the downward path of its arc; this is known as goaltending.

Under international rules it is illegal to block a shot that is in the downward path of its arc or one that has touched the backboard until the ball has hit the rim.

After the ball hits the rim, it is again legal to touch it even though it is no longer considered as a block performed.

To block a shot, a player has to be able to reach a point higher than where the shot is released. Thus, height can be an advantage in blocking.

Players who are taller and playing the power forward or center positions generally record more blocks than players who are shorter and playing the guard positions.

However, with good timing and a sufficiently high vertical leap, even shorter players can be effective shot blockers. Guards, for whom physical coordination and ball-handling skills are crucial, tend to be the smallest players.

According to a survey given to all NBA teams, [ when? While shorter players are often at a disadvantage in certain aspects of the game, their ability to navigate quickly through crowded areas of the court and steal the ball by reaching low are strengths.

Regeln im basketball - are not

Wir haben den Auftritt benotet. Für einen gewöhnlichen erfolgreichen Wurf werden dem Team des Werfers zwei Punkte gewährt. In diesem Fall darf der Angreifer nicht mit Beinen oder Armen behindert werden, sondern nur mit dem Körper. Auf dem Feld spielen zwei Mannschaften mit je fünf Feldspielern. Zu spektakulären Szenen führt folgende Besonderheit: Im Spiel muss er nach fünf Sekunden einen Korbwurf machen, anfangen zu dribbeln oder den Ball abgeben, wenn er nah bewacht wird. Ein disqualifizierendes Foul oder zwei unsportliche Fouls führen zum Spielausschluss. Die Gehälter der deutschen Stars ran. Sollte eine dieser Regeln verletzt werden, so erhält die gegnerische Mannschaft den Ball durch Einwurf an der nächstgelegenen Auslinie. Laut den Basketball Regeln beginnt jedes Spiel mit einem Sprungball. April in Beaver Falls in Pennsylvania statt. Des Weiteren wurde das Rückbrett engl. Es ist also theoretisch unbegrenzt oft möglich, einen Spieler oder eine Position auszuwechseln. Dabei wird die Anzahl der Wechsel nicht begrenzt. Metalldraht wurde abgeschafft und durch Seile ersetzt. Der Dokumentarfilm Hoop Dreams befasst sich mit zwei afroamerikanischen Jungen, die aus ihrem schlechten Leben in regeln im basketball Ghetto fliehen wollen, um professionelle Basketballspieler zu paypal auf bankkonto dauer. Sein Kollege nimmt als folgender Schiedsrichter punkt als status Position hinter dem Angriff etwa drei Hertha gegen bvb vom Ball entfernt ein, wobei er sich im Bereich von der linken Auslinie bis etwa zur Spielfeldmitte aufhalten muss. Eine andere Version hiervon ist Carrying:

While playing the game, players on one team try to stop players on the other team from scoring. Each normal score is worth two points; however, if a player throws the ball into the hoop from behind the large arced line on the court, called the "3-point line," the score is worth three points.

If a player does something illegal in the game, it is called a "foul. A free throw is a shot that no one is allowed to try to block.

Each successful free throw is worth one point. If a player fouls an opponent who is not shooting, the other team gets the ball, and can throw it in bounds from the sideline.

Players can do three things with the ball: The player with the ball tries to keep the ball and not let the other team get it.

Once a player commits five fouls, he is no longer allowed to play in the game, and a player on the bench must go in the game immediately.

In a game of basketball, there are a number of officials who are not from either team, who are there to help. Officials are important to the game, and help it run efficiently.

Here is a list of some of these people:. Fans and media in North America will often use "referee" to describe all on-court officials, whether their formal titles are "referee", "umpire", or "crew chief".

There are some basketball terms that players have to understand when playing the game. Here are some terms:. In professional basketball teams, each player has a position.

A position is a job or role that a player has to take part in to play the game. If everyone is doing their job correctly, the team is usually successful.

There are many types of basketball. Some are for people with disabilities, others are played more by a specific group, some are played using only half the court, and some are for when there are fewer players.

This is the most popular "pick up game" variation of basketball. Pick up games are when teams are chosen on the court instead of having official teams.

Due to there being no referee, this more casual game has more relaxed rules than official games. Instead of 5 players, there are only three players on each team, hence the name.

While the exact rules vary from place to place, there are several common rules typically found in most games, including:. There are officially sponsored 3 on 3 tournaments, though the game is mostly played without an official league.

Twenty-one 21 is a variation of basketball that does not include teams. It is often played with odd-numbers of players or when there are too few players for 3 on 3 games.

Hier ist aber anzumerken, dass kein Schiedsrichter die drei Sekunden mit der Uhr stoppt. Dagegen darf er nicht in dieser Situation den Ball zu einem Mitspieler tippen bzw.

Tut er dies nicht, wird auf Schrittfehler travelling entschieden und der Gegner bekommt Einwurf an der Seitenlinie. Dabei darf das Standbein zum Zwecke des Passes oder Wurfes angehoben, aber nicht wieder aufgesetzt werden z.

Sobald ein Angreifer den Ball nach einem Dribbling Tippen des Balles auf den Boden aufnimmt, darf er nicht erneut zum Dribbling ansetzen.

Eine andere Version hiervon ist Carrying: Die Folgen sind dieselben wie beim normalen Doppeldribbling. Etwas anderes gilt nur, wenn der Ball offensichtlich danebengeht.

Auch das Greifen ins Netz oder Schlagen ans Brett durch einen Verteidiger, der dadurch einen Korb verhindert, kann man im weiteren Sinne als Goaltending bezeichnen.

Folge von Goaltending ist, dass der angreifenden Mannschaft der Korbversuch als Korberfolg gewertet wird.

Die angreifende Mannschaft kann auch Goaltending gepfiffen bekommen, die Voraussetzungen sind die gleichen. Das nennt man dann Offensive Interfence.

Sind nicht mehr als 10 Sekunden vergangen, spielt man mit der bestehenden Zeit weiter. Bei internationalen Turnieren z. Dies soll schrittweise geschehen.

Dazu hat sie am Der Weltbasketballverband wurde am Verschiedene Varianten und Abwandlungen des Basketballs sind unter anderem bekannt: Das so genannte Streetball ist eine Abwandlung des Basketballs.

In dieser Variante werden die gleichen Regeln verwendet wie beim normalen Basketball. Im Jahr wurde der Film Freiwurf eng.

Der Dokumentarfilm Hoop Dreams befasst sich mit zwei afroamerikanischen Jungen, die aus ihrem schlechten Leben in dem Ghetto fliehen wollen, um professionelle Basketballspieler zu werden.

Das Spiel konnte man damals mit einem sogenannten Trackball gegen den Computer oder einen anderen Mitspieler spielen. Der Spieler konnte aus insgesamt vierzehn Internationalen Mannschaften u.

Australien, Angola, China eine aussuchen und mit dieser gegen andere Mannschaften antreten. Das Spielprinzip unterschied sich sehr von den anderen Basketballspielen, die auf eine realistische Spielweise setzten.

Seit gibt es eine weitere Spielserie, welche von 2K Games produziert wird. Dieser Artikel beschreibt die Sportart Basketball.

Basketball bei den Olympischen Spielen. Ansichten Lesen Quelltext anzeigen Versionsgeschichte. In anderen Projekten Commons. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am The WNBA has been looked at by many as a niche league.

However, the league has recently taken steps forward. The new television deal ran from to Measurements and time limits discussed in this section often vary among tournaments and organizations; international and NBA rules are used in this section.

An attempt to score in this way is called a shot. A successful shot is worth two points, or three points if it is taken from beyond the three-point arc 6.

The time allowed is actual playing time; the clock is stopped while the play is not active. Therefore, games generally take much longer to complete than the allotted game time, typically about two hours.

Five players from each team may be on the court at one time. Teams also have a coach, who oversees the development and strategies of the team, and other team personnel such as assistant coaches, managers, statisticians, doctors and trainers.

Players wear high-top sneakers that provide extra ankle support. A limited number of time-outs, clock stoppages requested by a coach or sometimes mandated in the NBA for a short meeting with the players, are allowed.

They generally last no longer than one minute seconds in the NBA unless, for televised games, a commercial break is needed. The game is controlled by the officials consisting of the referee referred to as crew chief in the NBA , one or two umpires referred to as referees in the NBA and the table officials.

For college, the NBA, and many high schools, there are a total of three referees on the court. The table officials are responsible for keeping track of each teams scoring, timekeeping, individual and team fouls , player substitutions, team possession arrow , and the shot clock.

The only essential equipment in a basketball game is the ball and the court: Competitive levels require the use of more equipment such as clocks, score sheets, scoreboard s , alternating possession arrows, and whistle-operated stop-clock systems.

A regulation basketball court in international games is At almost all levels of competition, the top of the rim is exactly 10 feet 3.

While variation is possible in the dimensions of the court and backboard, it is considered important for the basket to be of the correct height — a rim that is off by just a few inches can have an adverse effect on shooting.

The size of the basketball is also regulated. For men, the official ball is If women are playing, the official basketball size is The ball may be advanced toward the basket by being shot, passed between players, thrown, tapped, rolled or dribbled bouncing the ball while running.

The ball must stay within the court; the last team to touch the ball before it travels out of bounds forfeits possession.

The ball is out of bounds if it touches a boundary line, or touches any player or object that is out of bounds. There are limits placed on the steps a player may take without dribbling, which commonly results in an infraction known as traveling.

Nor may a player stop his dribble and then resume dribbling. A dribble that touches both hands is considered stopping the dribble, giving this infraction the name double dribble.

Within a dribble, the player cannot carry the ball by placing his hand on the bottom of the ball; doing so is known as carrying the ball. A team, once having established ball control in the front half of their court, may not return the ball to the backcourt and be the first to touch it.

A violation of these rules results in loss of possession. The ball may not be kicked, nor be struck with the fist. For the offense, a violation of these rules results in loss of possession; for the defense, most leagues reset the shot clock and the offensive team is given possession of the ball out of bounds.

There are limits imposed on the time taken before progressing the ball past halfway 8 seconds in FIBA and the NBA; 10 seconds in NCAA and high school for both sexes , before attempting a shot 24 seconds in FIBA, the NBA, and U Sports Canadian universities play for both sexes, and 30 seconds in NCAA play for both sexes , holding the ball while closely guarded 5 seconds , and remaining in the restricted area known as the free-throw lane, or the " key " 3 seconds.

These rules are designed to promote more offense. Basket interference , or goaltending is a violation charged when a player illegally interferes with a shot.

This violation is incurred when a player touches the ball on its downward trajectory to the basket, unless it is obvious that the ball has no chance of entering the basket, if a player touches the ball while it is in the rim, or in the area extended upwards from the basket, or if a player reaches through the basket to interfere with the shot.

When a defensive player is charged with goaltending, the basket is awarded. If an offensive player commits the infraction, the basket is cancelled.

In either case possession of the ball is turned over to the defensive team. An attempt to unfairly disadvantage an opponent through certain types of physical contact is illegal and is called a personal foul.

These are most commonly committed by defensive players; however, they can be committed by offensive players as well. Players who are fouled either receive the ball to pass inbounds again, or receive one or more free throws if they are fouled in the act of shooting, depending on whether the shot was successful.

One point is awarded for making a free throw, which is attempted from a line 15 feet 4. The referee is responsible for judging whether contact is illegal, sometimes resulting in controversy.

The calling of fouls can vary between games, leagues and referees. There is a second category of fouls called technical fouls , which may be charged for various rules violations including failure to properly record a player in the scorebook, or for unsportsmanlike conduct.

These infractions result in one or two free throws, which may be taken by any of the five players on the court at the time. Repeated incidents can result in disqualification.

A blatant foul involving physical contact that is either excessive or unnecessary is called an intentional foul flagrant foul in the NBA. This is called shooting "one-and-one".

If a team exceeds 10 fouls in the half, the opposing team is awarded two free throws on all subsequent fouls for the half.

When a team shoots foul shots, the opponents may not interfere with the shooter, nor may they try to regain possession until the last or potentially last free throw is in the air.

After a team has committed a specified number of fouls, the other team is said to be "in the bonus". On scoreboards, this is usually signified with an indicator light reading "Bonus" or "Penalty" with an illuminated directional arrow or dot indicating that team is to receive free throws when fouled by the opposing team.

Some scoreboards also indicate the number of fouls committed. If a team misses the first shot of a two-shot situation, the opposing team must wait for the completion of the second shot before attempting to reclaim possession of the ball and continuing play.

If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is unsuccessful, the player is awarded a number of free throws equal to the value of the attempted shot.

A player fouled while attempting a regular two-point shot thus receives two shots, and a player fouled while attempting a three-point shot receives three shots.

If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is successful, typically the player will be awarded one additional free throw for one point.

In combination with a regular shot, this is called a "three-point play" or "four-point play" or more colloquially, an "and one" because of the basket made at the time of the foul 2 or 3 points and the additional free throw 1 point.

Although the rules do not specify any positions whatsoever, they have evolved as part of basketball. In more recent times specific positions evolved, but the current trend, advocated by many top coaches including Mike Krzyzewski is towards positionless basketball, where big guys are free to shoot from outside and dribble if their skill allows it.

Point guard often called the " 1 ": Shooting guard the " 2 ": Small forward the " 3 ": Power forward the " 4 ": Center the " 5 ": The above descriptions are flexible.

For most teams today, the shooting guard and small forward have very similar responsibilities and are often called the wings , as do the power forward and center, who are often called post players.

While most teams describe two players as guards, two as forwards, and one as a center, on some occasions teams choose to call them by different designations.

There are two main defensive strategies: In a zone defense , each player is assigned to guard a specific area of the court. Zone defenses often allow the defense to double team the ball, a manoeuver known as a trap.

In a man-to-man defense , each defensive player guards a specific opponent. Offensive plays are more varied, normally involving planned passes and movement by players without the ball.

A quick movement by an offensive player without the ball to gain an advantageous position is known as a cut. The two plays are combined in the pick and roll , in which a player sets a pick and then "rolls" away from the pick towards the basket.

Screens and cuts are very important in offensive plays; these allow the quick passes and teamwork, which can lead to a successful basket.

Teams almost always have several offensive plays planned to ensure their movement is not predictable. On court, the point guard is usually responsible for indicating which play will occur.

Shooting is the act of attempting to score points by throwing the ball through the basket, methods varying with players and situations. Typically, a player faces the basket with both feet facing the basket.

A player will rest the ball on the fingertips of the dominant hand the shooting arm slightly above the head, with the other hand supporting the side of the ball.

The ball is usually shot by jumping though not always and extending the shooting arm. The shooting arm, fully extended with the wrist fully bent, is held stationary for a moment following the release of the ball, known as a follow-through.

Players often try to put a steady backspin on the ball to absorb its impact with the rim. The ideal trajectory of the shot is somewhat controversial, but generally a proper arc is recommended.

Players may shoot directly into the basket or may use the backboard to redirect the ball into the basket. The two most common shots that use the above described setup are the set shot and the jump shot.

The set shot is taken from a standing position, with neither foot leaving the floor, typically used for free throws, and in other circumstances while the jump shot is taken in mid-air, the ball released near the top of the jump.

This provides much greater power and range, and it also allows the player to elevate over the defender. Failure to release the ball before the feet return to the floor is considered a traveling violation.

Another common shot is called the lay-up. This shot requires the player to be in motion toward the basket, and to "lay" the ball "up" and into the basket, typically off the backboard the backboard-free, underhand version is called a finger roll.

The most crowd-pleasing and typically highest-percentage accuracy shot is the slam dunk , in which the player jumps very high and throws the ball downward, through the basket while touching it.

Another shot that is becoming common [ citation needed ] is the "circus shot". A back-shot is a shot taken when the player is facing away from the basket, and may be shot with the dominant hand, or both; but there is a very low chance that the shot will be successful.

A shot that misses both the rim and the backboard completely is referred to as an air ball. A particularly bad shot, or one that only hits the backboard, is jocularly called a brick.

The hang time is the length of time a player stays in the air after jumping, either to make a slam dunk, lay-up or jump shot. The objective of rebounding is to successfully gain possession of the basketball after a missed field goal or free throw, as it rebounds from the hoop or backboard.

This plays a major role in the game, as most possessions end when a team misses a shot. There are two categories of rebounds: The majority of rebounds are defensive, as the team on defense tends to be in better position to recover missed shots.

A pass is a method of moving the ball between players. Most passes are accompanied by a step forward to increase power and are followed through with the hands to ensure accuracy.

A staple pass is the chest pass. A proper chest pass involves an outward snap of the thumbs to add velocity and leaves the defence little time to react.

Another type of pass is the bounce pass. Here, the passer bounces the ball crisply about two-thirds of the way from his own chest to the receiver.

The ball strikes the court and bounces up toward the receiver. The bounce pass takes longer to complete than the chest pass, but it is also harder for the opposing team to intercept kicking the ball deliberately is a violation.

Thus, players often use the bounce pass in crowded moments, or to pass around a defender. The overhead pass is used to pass the ball over a defender.

The outlet pass occurs after a team gets a defensive rebound. The next pass after the rebound is the outlet pass.

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